Challenges for the labor market

Challenges for the labor  market

Like many other countries in the region, Costa Rica has entered a process of demographic transition characterized by a decrease in its younger demographic groups. This is a consequence of two main factors (both of which are related to significant improvements in the health care system): a decrease in fertility rate and an increase in life expectancy. The described phenomenon has entailed significant changes in the economically active population (EAP), and it is estimated that by 2050, the EAP pyramid will be almost rectangular.